Ravenna, an Italian city located in the Emilia-Romagna region, is famous for its Byzantine and Roman architecture. Ravenna with its famous mosaics became the centre of Christian Art in the 5th century. The city was a part of the Roman Empire from 402-476. In AD 540, Justinian, the founder of the Byzantine Empire, took control of Ravenna and transformed it into a strong pillar of the Empire. If you are a history or architecture lover, then Ravenna is the right place for you. In 1996, UNESCO added eight monuments of the Christian Era, situated in Ravenna, to the World Heritage Sites List.
Ravenna, Italy is the hub for many Basilicas, like the Basilica di San Vitale, Basilica di Sant'Apollinare Nuovo and more. People, even the locals of the city, are ambiguous in relation to the origin of the city's name till date. After the Roman Empire collapsed in 476, Ravenna was taken into the Ostrogothic Kingdom in 540. But later the Byzantine Empire took power in their hands. Ravenna is best known for its historical monuments and the sporting activities that are held in the city often attract the interest of tourists.
Ancient city walls of Ravenna | Click by Richard Mortel from Flickr
Many people are often confused and often think about whether Ravenna, Italy is worth visiting or not. Ravenna is located near the Adriatic Riviera, which is responsible for separating the Balkan Peninsula from the Italian Peninsula. Due to the existence of this water body, the city is full of different kinds of beaches as well as distinctive seafood. However, Ravenna is an inland city and isn't connected to the Adriatic Sea. Ravenna is most famous for its mosaics from the Roman as well as the Byzantine Era. People visit this place because the tour around this historic city can be made into a flexible one.
Tourists can set their pace in this magnificent town. You can decide as to how you want to explore the place, because if you are a historian or an art-lover, then you will take time to admire the beauty of the mosaics located in and about the city. Hence, if you are looking for an eye-catching city to visit in Italy, Ravenna is the place for you. Ravenna Italian Restaurants are known for their exclusive Pastas. The place is full of beaches, exquisite seafood, mosaics and famous historical buildings, which makes Ravenna a significant city in terms of tourism.
Best Time To Visit Ravenna
Ravenna is a city that can be visited at any time of the year because of its pleasant climatic conditions that stay the same all around the year. In the summers, the temperature in the city can go up to 31°C (88°F), whereas in the winter season, the city can get as cold as 3°C (37°F). If you are a day person and don't like to travel during the nighttime, then August is the ideal month for you to visit the historic town. So, if you are visiting Ravenna, choose your travel month very carefully.
However, if you are someone who likes to avoid crowds and people, then you should consider visiting the city in the months of June-July. During these months, tourists rarely visit the city and it would comparatively cost you less to tour during these months. The weather is a bit warm during this time but it is the appropriate month if you wish to steer clear of crowds and enjoy the serenity of the town.
Click by Roy Luck from Flickr
Mausoleum of Galla Placidia
The Mausoleum is one of the oldest buildings in the city. It was built during the Roman Empire Era between 425-450. It is one of the eight places that have been added to UNESCO'S World Heritage Sites List. The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia was built as a chapel which was devoted to Saint Lawrence. The chapel was built by Galla Placidia, sister of Emperor Honorius. The Mausoleum's architecture is well-planned and is enough to impress you. The chapel is decorated with themes that depict the conquest of eternity over death. The inside of the Mausoleum is adorned with beautiful mosaics that are enough to woo the observer. If you're an architecture lover, then this place is bound to interest you.
Click by Angel de los Rios from Flickr
Sant'Apollinare Nuovo is a famous Basilica Church located in the heart of Ravenna. Sant'Apollinare Nuovo is said to be one of the best sites to see if you are passing the nearby cities of Ravenna, namely Venice and Bologna. Sant'Apollinare Nuovo used to be a royal church in the regime of Theodoric, who belonged to the Ostrogothic Empire. The Basilica showcases a mixture of the western as well as the eastern styles. The interior of the church is usually bare-faced and this draws the tourists' attention to the walls above their heads, which display inexplicable forms of mosaics. If you are someone who loves to admire artistic and historical sites, then you should definitely pay a visit to this Basilica.
Click by Richard Mortel from Flickr
The Arian Baptistery is another contribution made by Theodoric the Great. It was built between the fifth and the sixth centuries. It was during the same time that the Sant'Apollinare Nuovo was also being constructed. Arian Baptistery is one of the eight sites that have been listed as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Later, in 540, a monastery was attached to the Baptistery. Later, after the destruction of the Second World War, everything around the Baptistery was destroyed, which exposed the exterior of the Baptistery for the first time. People often like to visit this place to look at the ruins of the Second World War and what has remained of the original structure.
Click by Daniel Jolivet from Flickr
Tomb of Theodoric
This is the place where the tomb of the greatest king of the Ostrogothic Empire is located. Unlike the famous Christian and Byzantine architecture, this place has been constructed in a rather unique manner. The Tomb of Theodoric is also a part of the World Heritage Sites List created by UNESCO. The tomb is famous for its long sustenance from the late-Roman to the medieval ages. However, the body of Theodoric was removed from here after the Byzantine Empire took control and conquered the Goths. The inner area of the tomb is usually empty and that is the reason why tourists can enter the place for a quick peep. This is one of the most visited places in the city of Ravenna.
Click by Pedro Szekely from Flickr
This city is located near the historic city of Ravenna. The city is known to be the "city of canals" and is debatably one of the most beautiful cities to be found in Italy. The city is full of impressive bridges, architecture, and a lot of canals. The city has pleasant weather and the best time to visit the city is in the months of April-June. You can easily hire a taxi from Rydeu to ease your trip from Ravenna to Venice.
Click by Daniel Thornton from Flickr
Verona is known for its rich antiquities that belong to the times of the Roman Era and is most popular for the love story of Romeo and Juliet. Verona is one of the sites listed by UNESCO, which implies that the city has a rich cultural heritage and, if you wish to visit the city, then a period of three days would be more than enough to cover the whole town. Verona can be easily accessed from Ravenna via a taxi or a train. So, if you're visiting Ravenna, make sure that you pay a visit to the incredible city of Verona.
Click by Chris Yunker from Flickr
This city is known to be the art capital of the country. Known for its gorgeous architecture as well as busy streets, Florence is one of the best cities in Italy. The city is full of shopping complexes and you can easily cover the whole city within a span of two to three days. For anyone who is a history lover, Florence is the right place for you.
Click by Nicolas Vigier from Flickr
This city is located at a distance of 69 kilometres from Ravenna and is known for its famous dish, which is locally known as ragú. You will be able to find everything in Bologna. From good architectural sites to the oldest university in the western world, Bologna has everything in store. People who visit Ravenna love to explore the nearby cities and Bologna is one of them. One can easily reach this city by taxi and your taxi booking procedure can be made easy through Rydeu.