Cologne also known as Colonia Agrippina is the largest city by population in the North-Rhine - Westphalia region. The region has nine districts and 85 quarters, known as Veedels locally. It is prominently known for the numerous tourist attractions such as museums and galleries and the famous universities of the place. The Cologne Bonn Airport is the largest of the region which lies south-east of the city. Previously a capital city of the Roman province, Germania Inferior, it was established in the 1st century AD in the Ubii region. The place gets its name from its French version which has become common in the English language too since then.
The city was once located between the major trade routes between eastern and western Europe and flourished greatly from this. It was once the headquarters of Roman military of Germania Inferior until its occupancy by the Franks in 462 AD. It was also a prominent and largest place to the north of the Alps until the region. Continuously occupied by the British and French, Cologne was one of the cities in Germany which were heavily affected by World War II. A number of bombings have occurred here by the Royal Air Force, an approximate 35,268 tonnes of bombs. As much as 95 per cent of the population has been erased after the devasting effect primarily due to evacuations and destruction. It was later restored and ensured a mixed city.
Home to nearly a thousand museums, the region speaks greatly of the cultural aspects of Cologne and its history. The city also houses several Catholic churches, displaying their beautiful architecture along with the conflict from ages among the communities of the place. City halls, medieval city gates, bridges, high rise structures, etc. are the added attractions here. It also hosts one of Europe’s largest carnival which begins on 11 November at 11 minutes past 11 A.M. It continues until Ash Wednesday with the fun beginning from the Thursday before Ash Wednesday, also known as the Women’s carnival. The Ludwig museum here houses a huge collection of modern art, including a Picasso collection matched only by those in Barcelona and Paris.
Best time to visit the city
The hospitality of the state is great with welcoming people around the region. Irrespective of the season, the place is beautiful to choose for travel around the year. The summer months from July to August are pleasant and welcoming. The issue of humidity persists during this time which might be irritating for a few. Autumn months from September to November and Spring months from April to June are the perfect choices to go on a trip to the region. Spring season is the perfect one to avail both cheaper prices and best experiences. During the November season, the beautiful carnival of this place.