A trip to Bergamo, Italy is a journey between two towns, one on a hill and the other on the plain; two towns that are fundamentally different but are linked not only by history but also by a dense web of streets, alleys, and cobbled stairways. Because of its open spaces, the beauty and atmosphere of its attractions, and the quality of life, Bergamo is a people-friendly city. As a result, even if you don't plan a specific itinerary, it's a city worth visiting.
It then continues in search of the spectacular views of the plain and the Alps from the tops of the Civic Tower (Campanone - Big Bell), the Rocca (Fortress), and the Gombito Tower. The old routes through the historic quarters of Pignolo or Sant'Alessandro, as well as the road that descends from the ramparts through Sant'Agostino Gate to the centre of Lower Bergamo, are ideal itineraries for discovering the city's two facets from a constantly changing perspective. But don't forget about the funicular, which, on the one hand, helps to connect the two towns while also providing a different and unique way to get to know Bergamo.
In the hilltop town, where we can take in the atmosphere of the historic centre and its monuments, as well as the lights and character of Piazza Vecchia, which harkens back to old Venice.
Today, the terminal of Orio al Serio Airport is one of the best places to admire Bergamo, Italy.
Visitors arriving by air get a first glimpse of the city's distinct character, with its historic old town perched majestically on a hill against the backdrop of the Alps. Once on the ground, this view is revealed in all its splendor, with the unmistakable outline of Old Bergamo's towers, domes, and bell towers revealed. However, there is another way to gain a comprehensive understanding of the relationship between Bergamo and its surroundings.
As you travel from the plain along one of the main roads that crosses the countryside dotted with businesses and houses, the city in the distance appears to be a gateway to the mountains. Old Bergamo grew in a strategic location, at the entrance to the Seriana and Brembana Valleys, which both wind for about fifty kilometres between the Orobie Alps. Because of its strategic location, the city was able to secure a monopoly on trade between the plain and the mountains, which lasted for centuries and was only lost in the last few decades due to the construction of new road systems.
The first settlement on Bergamo hill was most likely the result of these exchanges between protohistoric populations. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed the presence of a fairly large community that developed between the sixth and fourth centuries B.C. The Roman city was constructed on the site of the first Celtic village, which was most likely followed by a Gallic oppidum.
This confirms that the Bergamo hill complex was a natural meeting point for the economies of the plain and the mountains , which developed along a mountains path used since prehistory. The hilltop city has grown, developed, and changed over the centuries, but the centre has remained in its original location.
Although the construction of the Venetian walls altered the appearance of the hill, it helped to highlight this distinguishing feature. Bergamo's Old Town remained on the hill, while the historic quarters that expanded along the routes leading to the plain and other Lombardy cities maintained connections with the rest of the area.
This natural expansion did not occur to the detriment of the areas on the hill, but rather across the plain where, with careful planning, the modern city was built over the last century. Following the main street (Viale Vittorio Emanuele and its continuation to the railway station) and the adjacent road network, one beautiful view after another reinforces the town's unique quality. Aside from its monumental and artistic heritage, the magic of Bergamo lies precisely in this dual aspect, which has so far withstood the city's rapid growth and subsequent building expansion over the last fifty years.
The Trasporti NET Nord Est company's journey from Milan Lampugnano, Ca-dorna, and Piazza Castello to Bergamo Bus Station takes about one hour with smooth traffic conditions. The Autostradale service connects Milan Cadorna, Central Station, and Lampugnano to the Orio al Serio Bergamo airport, and the journey time is approximately one hour with smooth traffic conditions. Buses for both companies leave every 30 minutes or so. Travel time should be estimated at 2 hours due to frequent heavy traffic. Other public transportation companies run between Bergamo and other towns in the province. The bus station and ticket office are located next to the train station in Piazza Marconi.
The junction has direct connections to Milan,Brescia and Lecco, as well as Lake Garda, Venice and Verona, . The time taken between Milan and Bergamo is approximately one hour; from Lecco to Bergamo it takes around 40 minutes. For every hour, trains leave. The train station is down to Bergamo and is connected to Città Alta (Upper Bergamo) by a bus that runs for 10 minutes each way.
The Bergamo exit is located on the A4 Milan-Venice highway. It is best to leave your car in Bergamo Bassa (Lower Bergamo) and take public transportation to Bergamo Alta (Upper Bergamo).
Orio al Serio International Airport is only 5 kilometres from Bergamo and 45 kilometres from Milan. It serves many Italian and European destinations and is well-known for its abundance of low-cost airlines. The Airport Bus service runs every 30 minutes to and from the airport and takes about 20 minutes
Since 1970, Milan Bergamo (Orio al Serio) Airport has been a civil airport. However, it did not become a major passenger airport until 2003, when Ryanair chose it as one of its major hubs. Prior to 2003, the airport accommodated charter flights as well as a few domestic routes.
With the advent of low-cost travel, it is now possible to fly from this airport to the major cities of Europe. From Milan, Ryanair currently serves 50 destinations. Airport of Bergamo Milan Official website of Bergamo Airport: www.orioaeroporto.it In terms of numbers: The distance from the airport to the centre of Bergamo is approximately 5 kilometres.The distance from the airport to the centre of Milan is approximately 45 kilometres. In 2008, there were approximately 6.5 million passengers.
The best way to get from Bergamo airport taxi to Milan is to book a Bergamo airport tTransfer rather than a Bergamo taxi. Pre-booking a Private Airport Transfer through rydeu.com is the best option because it is both economical and inexpensive, and it provides all of the luxury you require while on a city tour. You can choose from a number of offers and services at Rydeu, including a clean, comfortable, and well-maintained Premium Car of your choice, a multilingual chauffeur who will be waiting for you at the airport with your name on it to pick you up, and a 24x7 pre-booking facility.
The three northern Italian cities of Brescia, Bergamo, and Monza are often overlooked in favour of their neighbouring cities of Milan, Turin, and Verona, but they have a rich artistic and architectural legacy that is explored in depth on this wonderful new tour .From magnificent churches to acclaimed galleries, this tour will reveal a treasure trove of artistic wonders that the average tourist is unaware of. Add to that a distinct northern cuisine and a charming, traditional hotel in the heart of Brescia, and you've got yourself a tour to remember.
Best time to visit Bergamo
From May to September is the best time to visit Bergamo, Italy. This time of year is pleasant in terms of temperature and precipitation. Bergamo has an average temperature of 26°C in July and a low of 5°C in January. Bergamo has a humid subtropical climate, with summers being wetter than winters. Less rain falls during the winter.
Any time of year is ideal for a trip to Bergamo. Summers are very wet, while winters are less so. Visitors can, however, go there at any time to admire the city's beauty. Plan a trip to Bergamo and give yourself an unforgettable experience.
Interesting facts about Bergamo
- Did you know that stracciatella ice cream originated in Bergamo? More specifically, at La Marianna, one of the best Upper Town ice cream shops.
- "Pota" is a common expression in Bergamasco, our local dialect. It is employed as a filler or a generic exclamation to express rage, surprise, or resignation.
- In the summer of 2017, the Venetian walls that surrounded the Upper Medieval Village were demolished.The town has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.